BA Engineering and Economics, Oxford, 1973; MSc Economics Birkbeck London (1977); published PhD Economics Cambridge 1982; ESRC post-doc, Birkbeck College, 1983-87; 1987-1992 advisor to the Swedish aid program in Vietnam, 1992-1999, indendepent economic consultant; Principal Fellow (teaching) SEA STudies Program, NUS 2000-2001; 2002-2012, independent economic consultant; 2013-present, Professorial Fellow, Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University. Visiting Fellowships or equivalent at; ANU, Stockhom School of Economics, National Economics University Hanoi, La Trobe. Wide range fo sessional teaching experiences.
Publications in three fields: A. Probably the most widely-cited scholar working on contemporarty Vietnam (studied Vietnamese at Hanoi University 1978-79), B. Studies on method - economics, social sciences more generally, development, C. Servicisation as since early 1990s the most common structural change in developing countries (replacing the earlier industrialisation pattern).